There's no national curriculum or learning standards in the US, but there are standards created by organizations that are widely used. One of these is the Next Generation Science Standards. The Alabama standards are inspired/informed by NGSS, but are not identical.
Still you may find it interesting/inspiring to look at NGSS because they break down science and engineering not just in terms of disciplinary concepts, but also practices of science and engineering and cross-cutting concepts that connect students' learning across content areas and grade levels. Read more about the 3D standards here.